How To Set Up Your Own Wifi Network

What Equipment Do I Need For A Home Wi

How to set up your own wireless network

As magical as a Wi-Fi home connection may seem, it doesnt just happen on its own. In addition to your internet connection, youll need at the very least a modem and router to enjoy Wi-Fi.

  • Modem This device receives the internet connection from your provider and uses Ethernet cables to connect with other devices.
  • Router Along with your modem, this is the most important Wi-Fi device as its the one that turns your internet into wireless signals. There are many different router options and ways to set it up. Look to our list of best wireless routers for everything you need to know.
  • Wireless network adapter This device connects your desktop PC to a Wi-Fi network. This is not required for newer PCs, laptops and smart devices as they have built-in Wi-Fi receivers.
  • Wi-Fi extenders These devices can help boost your Wi-Fi signal so you get a stronger signal throughout your home.

Bum Wifi From Your Neighbours

As youre sitting around with no WiFi internet of your own, you may notice the WiFi hotspots of other people around you. Which brings up the possibility of simply asking someone else if you can use their WiFi internet connection. We cant guarantee anyone will agree, especially if youre a complete stranger. A neighbor you know may be more willing to do this favor for you. If so, there are some tips that could be useful here.

From your point of view, treat this shared WiFi the same as you would a public WiFi. You dont control who connects to it, so its best to use a VPN service to encrypt your data and hide your activity.

You should also ask the person whether their router supports guest networks. This is a separate WiFi network that doesnt allow your devices and their devices to mix. It only gives you internet access. Thats perfect both for your friendly neighbor and your own peace of mind.

Setting Up A Home Network

Today however most home and small home office networks will use a wireless network or mixed network, as most people use Smart phones, and tablets which dont have Ethernet support.

The main components required to build a typical home/small office network are:

  • Router or Wireless router Connects the network to the Internet.
  • Wireless Access Point Used to Connect Wi-Fi equipped devices to the network.
  • Ethernet HUB or Switch -Used to Connect Ethernet equipped devices.
  • Cable cat 5, cat5e or cat 6 with RJ45 connectors.
  • Telephone Cable with RJ 10 connectors.
  • Broadband Filters.

The home network diagram below shows the structure of a typical small home network

For most home networks the Wireless Router or Hub which connects the network to the Internet will be the main component of the home or small home office network, and in many cases it will be the only component.

The Wireless router usually incorporates a Wireless access point,Ethernet switch, DSL modem and Router in a single box.

This short video shows how to use a Wireless Home Hub orrouter to create a home network that is connected to the Internet.

Video Notes:

DSL Modem converts digital signals into analogue signals that are suitable for sending over a telephone line. It is usually built into the Internet/broadband router and is not normally purchased as a separate component.

See How to Setup and Configure your Home Router

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Connect Your Gateway To Your New Router

Turn off your gateway . If an ethernet cable is plugged into the gateways LAN port, unplug it and plug it into your routers WAN port . If there is no ethernet cable plugged into the gateways LAN port, an ethernet cable should have come with your router. Use it to connect the gateway to your router. Turn your gateway back on and wait a minute or two for it to boot up. Next, plug in your routers power supply and turn it on. Wait another minute or two for it to boot.

Michael Brown/PCWorld

Connect your gateway to your routers WAN port using a CAT5e or CAT6 cable . The red cable goes from the router to a PC, while the thinner cable plugged into the green port on the gateway connects to a phone jack in the wall..

How To Set Up A Wifi Network At Home

How to Set up a Wireless Home Network Connection ...
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Chances are, youre using it right now. Households across the world rely on wireless routers to work, stream, game, and connect to others around the world. Its what keeps up mobile and up to date in an increasingly tech dominant world.

Almost every device in your home relies on it as well. Desktops, laptops, phones, game consoles, smart homes, thermostats, and even coffee makers. A few simple steps is all it takes to connect all of them seamlessly.

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Decide Where To Place The Router

The best place for a wireless business router is in an open area of the workplace, as you’ll benefit from even coverage. However, sometimes it’s not easy to find a space out in the open because you must connect the router to a broadband gateway from your ISP , which is usually attached to a cable near an outside wall.

What Is A Mesh Wi

Typically purchased in packs of two or three components, Wi-Fi mesh systems usually consist of one device designated as the main router that connects directly to your modem. Then there’ll usually be one or two satellite modules, or nodes, that you place throughout your house, each generally requiring only an electrical hook-up. If this initial set of two or three mesh devices isn’t enough to blanket your home with a strong Wi-Fi signal, you can purchase more nodes and they’ll simply integrate seamlessly into the mesh.

The “mesh” refers to the wireless network these nodes create among themselves, not only passing wireless traffic between them but also keeping signal strength smooth and strong throughout the network. When configured, all these devices will be part of a single wireless network sharing the same SSID and password. This means, you won’t have to switch networks and passwords as you move from room to room like you do with an older, though admittedly usually cheaper, wireless range extender.

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Create A Username And Password

To configure the router, you’ll need to log in, using its default admin name and password. You can usually find this information printed on the router itself, or in an accompanying user manual.

Next, enter the required credentials. Once you’re in, you should immediately create a new username and password. The defaults are usually something like “admin” and “password1234,” which are obviously not secureso make sure to change them at the first opportunity.

Using Your Phone Or Tablet As A Wifi Hotspot

Guide How to Set Up WiFi Home Network

Most smartphones and cellular tablets these days have the ability to act as a mobile WiFi hotspot. This feature shares your mobile data plan with any devices connected to the same WiFi hotspot.

There are a few important things to keep in mind if you choose to go this way. First of all, youre using data from your mobile plan to feed all the connected devices. If you have cheap data or an unlimited plan, great. If you have a small data cap or pay a lot for your data, this option may not be right for you.

If you decide to use this option to get WiFi without an internet provider, set a data limit on the device acting as the hotspot, switch your Windows 10 computer to metered connection mode and keep an eye on how much data you have left.

You also, absolutely, must set a password for your mobile hotspot. You dont want other people sucking up your data or getting on the same network as your devices. Using your mobile device as a WiFi hotspot is also a big battery drain. So hook up a power bank or wall-charger to counteract this.

One last point to know involves mobile data provider policies around tethering. While its not that common anymore, some mobile data providers dont allow you to tether your device or they charge a different rate for data when tethered. Double-check your plans policy just to be safe.

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Can You Buy Portable Wifi

If you have a specific cell or internet provider, you can access private WiFi hotspots that offer premium prepaid internet access thats much cheaper than using mobile data, and more secure. There are some mobile WiFi devices that are geared specifically for one providersay, for example, if you are a Verizon customer.

Protect Your Home Network

Whether you’re using your ISP’s routing capabilities or buying your own router, securing your network is a vital step when setting up a home network. This means setting up user passwords on devices and changing all default passwords on any device accessing or controlling the network.

Also, make sure the firewall is active on the router. A firewall is designed to allow only certain traffic through and block the rest.

Within any router, virtual ports are used for different applications. For example, web traffic uses port 80, secure web traffic uses port 443, and games or streaming devices may require certain ports to be open as well. Ensuring that you only open the minimal number of firewall ports will help keep you safer in the long run.

And check to ensure that remote access to the cable modem and router is disabled unless you truly need to access resources from outside the network. Lastly, a strong WPA2 password is a must for any wireless components on your network.

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Is It Better To Buy Your Own Equipment

Some wireless internet providers, including CenturyLink, Verizon and Xfinity, give you the option to use your own products and save the monthly equipment fees. Buying your own equipment not only saves you money, but it can also get you access to the highest quality Wi-Fi equipment on the market.

If you rent your equipment through your ISP, you likely wont get the most advanced Wi-Fi technology. Verizon and Spectrums gateways, for example, only go up to 802.11ac standards. In contrast, many of the newer models available are on Wi-Fi 6 and Wi-Fi 6e technology. This technology can offer faster speeds and more bandwidth than Wi-Fi 5.

The only downside to buying instead of renting your equipment is that you will not have access to the same quality tech support as you would when renting your router with your Wi-Fi company. If you would rather use your own equipment, click on your provider below to view a list of compatible modems and routers.

Consider The Size Of Your Home

Make Two WiFi From One Router

The size of your home also plays a role in determining how to set up your Wi-Fi at home. Homes that contain 1,500 square feet or less should be able to get by with one Wi-Fi access point or router. However, homes between 1,500 and 3,000 square feet will require two Wi-Fi access points, and homes larger than 3,000 square feet may require three routers.

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How To Setup A Guest Wifi Network

1. Log in to your routers web management panel

2. Depending on your routers brand and model, you should see a Guest network option on the admin panel. On some routers, the feature exists as Guest Zone or Guest Access

3. Otherwise, check under the Wireless section. If you do not find the option still, check the routers manual, visit the manufacturers website or do a Google search of how to activate Guest network on your routers model.

4. Guest network is usually disabled by default on routers so you have to enable it or check the appropriate box that activates the feature

5. Set-up the Guest networks parameters i.e SSID and password.

6. Proceed to configure other security settings like SSID Broadcast , encryption type etc.

7. The most important configuration, however, is where you choose what your guests have access to. Ensure that the options that read Allow guest to see each other and access my local network or Allow access to Settings or Allow guests to access local network resources or any other similar option is/are unchecked.

8. This to ensure that devices on the guest network can only access the routers internet connection and nothing more which is the entire point of a guest network.

9. After unchecking the above-mentioned option, you can proceed to save the settings and create the Guest network.

Establish A Password For Your Wi

Some routers come from the factory with a pre-assigned Wi-Fi password . Many others will at least prompt you to create one when you first set the router up. Be sure to configure the router to use at least WPA2 encryption. The much older WEP is absolutely insecure and should not be used. No recent vintage router will use it by default, but most still support it in case you have legacy devices that can only use WEP. If youre still using wireless devices that fall in that category, you should retire them because theyre leaving your entire network vulnerable to the most casual hacker.

The process for setting your routers Wi-Fi password will vary from one model to the next. On the Linksys WRT1900AC router I use, for example, the settings reside in both the Connectivity and Wireless tabs . If you have a dual-band router, youll need to assign passwords for both your 2.4GHz and 5GHz networks. They can be different passwords, but youll be happier if you use the same password for each . The password should be relatively complex and include letters, numbers, and special characters. Here again, youll find a password manager to be extremely useful unless you have a very good memory. If you operate one or more guest networks, youll need to create a password for those as well.

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How Do You Build A Wireless Mesh Network

When planning your network, you need to ask yourself how many sensors and actuators you actually need. That will govern how many repeaters are needed for the network. Then you can decide how many gateways you need to guarantee connectivity. To increase the total network size, you increase the number of repeaters/gateways in a network. A network can support multiple gateways which allows for redundant connections to the Internet.

Evaluate Home Network Hardware

How to Setup your Home Wi-Fi

When setting up a home network, consider the following hardware components:

  • an access device, typically a cable or asymmetric DSL modem
  • a router for directing traffic into and out of your network
  • a switch for connecting wired clients and
  • an access point for connecting wireless clients.

Some ISPs will provide a single CPE device to cover all these network functions. Other providers, however, may provide only a single access device with no additional networking capabilities, requiring users to build out their networks.

An ISP can set up a home network in multiple ways. Depending on what your ISP offers and how complex your needs might be, you may need to buy additional equipment to extend access to more devices.

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